# What is the properties of matter?

There are four different properties of matter. They are weight, volume, mass, and density. The most important one is mass. Mass is the amount of matter in an object and it never changes unless matter is taken out of the object. Mass also has a direct relationship with inertia. Inertia is the resistance of motion of an object. If an object has a greater mass, then it has a greater inertia. Also, you can find mass by measuring it on a triple beam balance.

Volume is another general property of matter. Anything that takes up space has volume. In fact, volume is the amount of space an object takes up. .

The third general property of matter is density. Density is very important because it enables you to compare different objects. For instance, water has a density of 1 gram/cc and wood is 0.8 grams/cc. Therefore, wood will float in water because it's density is less than that of water. The equation for density is Density=Mass/Volume. Also, if you split an object in half, it will still have the exact same density.

Weight is the fourth general property of matter. It is defined as the measure of force of attraction between objects due to gravity. Gravity is what keeps you and me on the ground. In fact, gravity exists between you and your computer. You are attracted to it by gravity. You don't feel the attraction because the computer's mass is so small. The earth, on the other hand has a very large mass. That's why you are attracted to the ground. Weight, unlike mass, changes with location. The farther you are from the center of the Earth, the less you weigh. The metric unit for weight is the newton, even though in America the most common unit is the pound. The equation for weight is Weight=Mass x Acceleration due to gravity, but I personally think the easiest one is for every kilogram of mass, there's 9.8 newtons of weight
Characteristic Properties of Matter
Mixtures and Solutions
Compounds, Elements, and Chemical Reactions
Anchor Activity
General Online Resources
Every matter will occupy space and will be having mass.
properties of matter you means : solid, liquid, gas

solid: they particle are closely packed to each other.
they rotate and vibrate
they have fixed position
they have fixed shape & volume
cannot be compresse
high density
hard material & usually made of crystal

liquid:they are close enough so that they can touch each other
fixed volume
takes the shape of its container
medium density
cannot br compressed
not hard material & can flow easily(fluid)

gas: the particle are very far from each other
move at very high velocity
they donot have fixed shape & volume
low density
can be compressed easily
( they take the shape of the container)
‘Chemistry is the science of the composition and make-up of all matter’.

‘Matter’ is the name given to all substances encountered in our everyday lives (Solids, Liquids and Gases), and consists of many thousands of substances which themselves are made up of many elements (or pure substances), which can be found in nature and which can be thought of as the starting materials from which many other different materials can be made.

Chemical Elements:
These are: - Pure Substances which cannot be broken down into Simpler Substances by chemical means’

Compounds : - Are formed from a chemical combination of two or more Elements in definite proportions and can only be separated by Chemical means.

Mixtures: - Are physical combinations of any number of materials and have no definite proportion. Mixtures can be separated by mechanical means - such as filtration, solution, distillation, ..etc.

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