Could someone explain to me the effect of amount of surface area on the rate of reaction?

please...i need help! thanks!

Answer:
Hi

i will explain u the answer to ure question...
xplaining u with example

Increasing the Surface Area of a Solid.

A solid in a solution can only react when particles collide with the surface.
The bigger the area of the solid surface,
the more particles can collide with it per second,
and the faster the reaction rate is.

You can increase the surface area of a solid
by breaking it up into smaller pieces.
A powder has the largest surface area and will have the fastest reaction rate.
This is why catalysts are often used as powders.

In the reaction between calcium carbonate and dilute hydrochloric acid

2HCl + calcium carbonate calcium chloride + carbon dioxide + water.

2HCl(aq) + CaCO3(s)---------------->> CaCl2(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)

calcium carbonate may be used in the form of marble chips.

The reaction rates can be compared using large marble chips,
and the same mass of small marble chips.
The reaction can be followed by plotting the loss of mass against time.


click on the link to see the graph..

http://s180.photobucket.com/albums/x281/...


The reaction rate is faster (the slope is steeper)
for the reaction with small marble chips (greater surface area).

Note that the final loss of mass is the same for both reactions.
This is because the same mass of calcium carbonate (marble chips) will
give the same mass of carbon dioxide whether the chips are large or small.
The smaller chips will just do it more quickly.


hope this is the best answe uve got...
all the best

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