Advantage of centrally planned economy?

advantage of centrally planned economy

Advantages of centrally planned economy :
-Supporters of planned economies cast them as a practical measure to ensure the production of necessary goods—one which does not rely on the vagaries of free markets.

-The government can harness land, labor, and capital to serve the economic objectives of the state (which, in turn, may be decided by a plurality of the people through a democratic process).
-Consumer demand can be restrained in favor of greater capital investment for economic development in a desired pattern. The state can begin building a heavy industry at once in an underdeveloped economy without waiting years for capital to accumulate through the expansion of light industry, and without reliance on external financing.
-Consumers do not need money to express their economic demands; they may participate in democratic decision-making bodies (such as workers' councils or soviets) to voice their opinions and make decisions about the economy.
-A planned economy can maximize the continuous utilization of all available resources. This means that planned economies do not suffer from a business cycle.
-Under a planned economy, neither unemployment nor idle production facilities should exist beyond minimal levels, and the economy should develop in a stable manner, unimpeded by inflation or recession.
-A planned economy can serve social rather than individual needs: under such a system, rewards, whether wages or perquisites, are to be distributed according to the social value of the service performed.
-A planned economy eliminates the dependence of production on individual profit motives, which may not in themselves provide for all society's needs.
-While a market economy maximises wealth by evolution, a planned economy favors design. While evolution tends to lead to a local maximum in aggregate wealth, design is in theory capable of achieving a global maximum. For example, a planned city can be designed for efficient transport, while organically grown cities tend to suffer from traffic congestion.
-Taken as a whole, a centrally planned economy would attempt to substitute a number of firms with a single firm for an entire economy. As such, the stability of a planned economy has implications with the Theory of the firm. After all, most corporations are essentially 'centrally planned economies', aside from some token intra-corporate pricing (not to mention that the politics in some corporations resemble that of the Soviet Politburo). That is, corporations are essentially miniature centrally planned economies and seem to do just fine in a free market.
-As pointed out by Kenneth Arrow and others, the existence of firms in free markets shows that there is a need for firms in free markets; opponents of planned economies would simply argue that there is no need for a sole firm for the entire economy
a centrally planned economy has the main advantage of being able to control what is being produced and who gets what is produced. That can be a moral advantage in that if the central planner wants to, she can divide the output equally making everyone get the same amount; and, if she wants people to consume certain things and not consume other things then she has the power to make the "good" things and not make the "bad" things.

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